It is estimated that humanity began to know and value gold approximately 6,000 years ago. The Romans perfected the mining techniques that allowed the massive extraction of gold from the mines that populated the Empire.
According to the calculations of the World Gold Council , since the beginning of history some 187,200 tons of gold have been extracted , practically all of which is still among us, in different forms, since gold is indestructible.
Russia was the world’s third largest producer, with 297 tonnes . The country also has some of the world’s largest mines in its vast territory, as well as being the largest producer of palladium and one of the largest producers of nickel and platinum.
In fourth place was the United States, with 222 tons . The state of Nevada is the largest gold producer within the US territory. By itself, this state would be among the countries with the highest production.
The fifth place in the classification of the largest producers of 2018 was occupied by Canada, with 189 tons . Canadian mining companies are among the world’s leading gold miners, with holdings on five continents.